Three Jewish Dances for Violin and Orchestra, Op. 192a (1945)

Sher – Yemenite Wedding Dance – Hora
Note: This version is for Violin and Orchestra. There is also a version for Violin and Piano (Op. 192) and a version for Piano Solo (Op. 190.)
There is also Opus 192, a version for Violin and Piano, and a version for Piano Solo (Op. 190.)

Live recording of the annual concert of the Thelma Yellin High School Symphony Orchestra at the Ashdod Performing Art Center, February 17, 2013:
Tal First, Violin
Menahem Nebenhaus, Conductor
The Thelma Yellin Symphony Orchestra

Solo: Violin

Orchestration: pic/1,2/eh,2,2-2,2,1,0-hp-timp+1-str

Duration: 9 minutes

Publisher: The Marc Lavry Heritage Society

Recordings: Not yet available

Synopsis:
A decade after immigrating to Israel Lavry wrote a compilation of Jewish dances. 

  • Sher (Scissors Dance): A Hassidic-Jewish style dance inspired by music to which he was exposed in his childhood.
  • Yemenite Wedding Dance: Lavry, like many other composers at the time, was introduced to Yemenite music by singer Bracha Zfira.
    Unlike typical energetic wedding dances, the wedding dance of the Yemenite bride is gentle, calm and shy. The dance is performed in small steps and soft, round movements of the hands.
  • Hora: In a radio interview Lavry said: “… I remember that after I visited Kibbutz Degania where we danced all night, the dance left a huge impression on me. An endless Hora dance — with shouts and rhythmic legwork — the young people were wonderful.” 
    Lavry adopted the energetic and lively rhythm of the Hora dance which he incorporated in many of his works. In the words of composer Paul Ben-Haim on Lavry: “Lavry’s Symphonic Poem “Emek” was the first example of the penetration of the Hora into concert music, and by creating it Lavry tightened the link between folk and art music”. [Wikipedia]

    Lavry incorporated the melody of this movement into several of his later compositions. The most famous is the Hora song (Opus 206 No. 3) which later achieved the status of a folk song.

Anecdote: Lavry originally wrote six dances. In addition to the three dances that were published, he wrote the “Jewish Dance”, “Pioneer’s Polka” and “Perpetuum Mobile – Hora” movements, which he did not include the final work. His handwritten manuscript of all six movements is located at the National Library of Israel.

For research purposes: It is interesting to note that although Three Jewish Dances for Violin and Piano (Opus 192) and for Violin and Orchestra (Opus 192a) are adaptations of the composition for Solo Piano (Opus 190), there were significant differences in the original versions. Opus 190 had five dances (including “Jewish Dance” and “Oriental Jewish Dance”), while Opuses 192 and 192a had six (including “Jewish Dance”, “Pioneer’s Polka” and “Perpetuum Mobile – Hora”.)

 

Performances:

June 5, 2013 at 7:00PM in the Brahms Hall, Vienna – Violinist Orsolya Korcsolán and the Franz Liszt Chamber Orchestra will perform Marc Lavry’s Three Jewish Dances Op. 192a.
Also in the program: Felix Mendelssohn – Octet in E-flat major, Max Bruch – Kol Nidre, Franz Liszt – Péter Wolf/Hungarian Rhapsody No. 2, Julius Chajes – The Chassid, and Béla Bartók – Romanian Dances.

There are no comments yet. Be the first and leave a response!

Leave a Reply

Wanting to leave an <em>phasis on your comment?

*